Flutter vs React Native: Which One is Best for 2022?
The pandemic has increased the surge for mobile apps in the market. Businesses worldwide are looking forward to a cost-effective and quick way to develop apps. Hence, they have started adopting cross-platform frameworks to achieve the results.
Out of various frameworks, businesses and startups prefer using Flutter and React Native to develop mobile apps. The reason is, both frameworks are widely popular and allow you to build native-like apps effectively.
If you also want to develop mobile apps using Flutter or React Native but have questions like: What is the difference between Flutter and React Native? Which cross-platform framework to choose for the project in 2022? Then, you have reached the right place.
We have done in-depth research on both frameworks and decided to provide a comprehensive guide on Flutter vs. React Native 2022.
Here, we will look at all of these things in detail:
Without waiting much, let’s get started:
Introduction to Flutter & React Native
Here we will look at the basics of Flutter:
What is Flutter?
Flutter is a free and open-source UI toolkit released by Google in 2017.
Google is constantly updating the framework, and its popularity is also increasing. Developers can build apps for multiple platforms (desktop, web, and mobile) using the same codebase.
It comprises two essential parts: Software Development Kit and UI Library.
What can Flutter be used for?
Here are some of the most common use cases of Flutter:
- It is best suited for MVP app development.
- It is effective for building natively compiled apps.
- Developers can create a flexible UI with the help of its performant rendering engine.
- Developers can also create modern mobile apps using the material design.
- It is suitable to develop high-quality progressive web apps and single-page applications.
Now we will talk about some examples of flutter apps.
Popular Apps Made With Flutter
Here are various applications made with Flutter:
- Google Pay
- Google Ads
- Reflectly and many more
Apart from these, there are various other apps made with Flutter. To know more, check out these Flutter App Examples.
After understanding Flutter basics, we would walk you through the basics of React Native.
What is React Native?
What can React Native be used for?
Here is the list of the use cases of React Native:
- Build mobile apps for Android and iOS using a single codebase.
- Developers can utilize various external libraries to build web and desktop apps using React Native.
- Developers can also create prototypes quickly & effectively using React Native.
Popular Apps Made With React Native
Here are various applications made with React Native:
- Facebook Ads Manager
- Uber Eats and many more
The list of React Native examples is not complete here. Apart from these, many apps have been built with React Native.
Pros and Cons of Flutter
Let us quickly go through all pros and cons of Flutter:
Pros of Flutter
- Flutter allows developers to focus on the visual details of the app. The developers can create new widgets or customize the existing ones for their projects. These widgets follow Cupertino (iOS) and Material Design (Android) looks.
- The hot reloading enables developers to see changes in real-time without affecting the state of the application.
- Developers have to write code only once for building apps for multiple platforms. For instance, iOS and Android.
- Developers need to test an app once only. Hence, testing time gets reduced.
- It is most suitable to build Minimum Viable Product (MVP) apps because of its speedy development and cross-platform nature.
- Apps made using Flutter have the same UI even on the older versions of Android or iOS.
Cons of Flutter
- It offers many libraries and tools; however, they are less than React Native framework.
- This framework is not compatible with emerging platforms such as tvOS, WatchOS, Android Auto, etc.
- It does not offer a specific native app-like look and feel.
- Apps built with Flutter are large in size compared to native apps.
Pros and Cons of React Native
Here, we will look at various pros and cons of React Native.
Pros of React Native
- It enables the native rendering of APIs without any need for the HTML or CSS markup.
- Developers can utilize React Native for building an app that runs on multiple platforms with a single code.
- It offers various useful debugging and error-reporting tools.
- It also comes with a hot reloading function that allows developers to add new code instantly in the live app.
- A big community of React Native developers is present across the world.
- The framework gives complete freedom to developers. They can choose the solution based on the project requirements and their preferences.
To know more, refer to our blog on why use React Native for mobile app development.
Cons of React Native
- In several cases, the native rendering of APIs might not provide extensive support to native UI elements.
- A vast number of packages are not working on React Native.
- The size of the React Native apps is large as compared to native ones.
- The framework supports only some of the primary components.
- Complete freedom to developers is also a curse as they need to decide packages and other things to get the desired solution.
Flutter vs React Native: Popularity on Google Trends
The majority of businesses and developers love to know the popularity of frameworks before starting any project.
Therefore, here we would look after the popularity of Flutter vs React Native Trends on Google over the last 5 years.
(Image source: Google Trends)
The above image indicates that the popularity of both frameworks is increasing over time. However, Flutter is currently more popular as compared to React Native.
Flutter vs React Native Popularity Survey by Stack Overflow
Stack Overflow surveys to know the popularity of various frameworks, tools, and technologies every year. In the year 2020, Stack Overflow conducted this survey on 65,000 developers.
According to the same poll, the popularity of Flutter is more than React Native in terms of the most loved framework with 68.8% of votes, while React Native has got 57.9% of votes.
Developers who aren’t familiar with any cross-platform frameworks showed more interest in learning React Native than Flutter.
As per the survey, around 14% of developers showed interest in learning React Native. On the other hand, only 10.75% of developers would love to learn Flutter for developing apps.
According to Statista, around 39% of developers worldwide utilize Flutter, and 42% of developers prefer React Native for developing cross-platform apps.
Flutter vs React Native: Quick Overview
Here we will have a one-on-one comparison of Flutter and React Native.
|First Release||May 2017||Jan 2015|
|Performance||Robust||Close to native|
|Time to Market||Faster||Slower than Flutter|
|Developer Productivity||Limited support for IDEs and Text Editors||Supports various IDEs and Text Editors|
|Learning Curve||Easy to Learn||Easy to Learn|
|Deployment||Simple due to built-in libraries||Needs support of third-party libraries|
|Documentation||Accurate and up-to-date||Up-to-date but vague|
Flutter vs React Native: A Detailed Comparison
Here, we will compare Flutter vs. React Native based on some of the most important aspects:
Flutter is based on Dart and has entered into the mobile app development industry after React Native. For years, React Native has remained the go-to language of many developers to create mobile apps. However, Flutter has gained much popularity and is now considered one of the best cross-platform app development frameworks.
One of the daunting questions in the developer community is; Flutter vs React Native: what to choose for mobile app development? The first parameter that every developer looks at when choosing a framework is the programming language.
Technical architecture is one of the most important aspects of a mobile app. It helps you to determine the business growth and scalability.
Flutter utilizes the Dart language that consists of a vast number of built-in UI components. Therefore, developers do not have to rely on the JS bridge for any customization. Further, the dart language uses a Skia engine that comprises various protocols, compositions, and channels. Hence, developers can control most things on the screen while building Flutter apps. Also, developers can include animation, text, graphics, and more effectively into the apps.
Installation and Configuration
Developers consider installation & configuration as one of the major points while choosing a cross-platform framework. Comparing Flutter vs. React Native based on the installation, we can say that React Native is easier to install. How?
On the other hand, the installation of Flutter is somewhat complex and consumes more time. Here, developers have to download a binary for a specific operating system.
A developer without knowledge of Dart can complete the installation. One of the benefits of Flutter is that it offers an in-depth installation guide. Moreover, it provides a CLI tool known as Flutter doctor to install and configure things effectively.
Comparing the Flutter vs React Native performance, mostly Flutter is considered superior to React Native. However, the performance depends on a lot of things.
Flutter uses C++ to compile the mobile application. Hence, it offers enhanced performance. Moreover, it can resolve many issues and provide an excellent User Experience (UX). It can handle CPU-heavy operations, and it possesses a powerful memory. If you want to integrate beautiful animations and make an expressive UI for your app, Flutter offers the best performance.
In React Native, the entire application isn’t compiled using the C++ or native language. Instead, the UI components are compiled with the help of native equivalents, and the JS works with various threads and communities to execute any task via bridge. Hence, React Native offers very good performance compared to many other cross-platform frameworks such as Ionic. However, React Native is slower than Flutter.
Besides this, when you compare Flutter vs React Native performance considering the Hello World program, Flutter wins the race.
The performance test of the Flutter indicates the Hello World program takes only 60 FPS to operate efficiently, and it requires only 16 ms to render all the frames. Moreover, the main target of Flutter is to offer 60 FPS or 120 FPS performance on all devices that can handle 120Hz updates.
React Native is slower because it requires a JS bridge to interact with the native modules. Moreover, the total number of frames dropped in React Native’s Hello World program is way more than Flutter.
Several times, React Native took higher than 16 ms to render a program used in the application. Hence, the developer needs to rely on various third-party libraries to enhance the performance of the application.
Many developers worldwide check the learning curve of cross-platform frameworks before choosing a suitable one. React Native is easier to learn as compared to Flutter.
On the other side, Flutter has a steep learning curve. A developer needs to know JS/ Java/ Kotlin/ Swift/ C to get started with Flutter. Even if one does not have knowledge of these languages, they can get started with Flutter as it offers excellent documentation.
For building any mobile application, the support of a community helps to resolve any issues quickly & effectively. Both React Native and Flutter have evolved over the last couple of years and are constantly releasing technological updates as per the requirement. Hence, the popularity of each framework is increasing exponentially. Let us go deeper to know which framework has a large community, Flutter or React Native?
Flutter language has been in the industry for a long time; however, it got traction after Google announced it at the Google I/O conference in 2017. React Native is an open-source library released by Facebook in the year 2015.
The popularity of Flutter increases because Google organizes various meetups, hackathons, and other events online and offline every year. Similarly, there are many meetups and conferences conducted around different cities worldwide by the React Native community.
Even though Flutter has been launched after React Native, its community is increasing exponentially. Here are several latest statistics that define the popularity of both frameworks.
Currently, Flutter has got 133k stars on GitHub and 19.7k live projects forked by the community. Also, there are 989 Flutter contributors on GitHub for any professional help.
React Native has got 99.7k stars on GitHub and 21.5k live projects forked by the community. Besides this, there are 2,267 React Native contributors available on GitHub for support.
Testing is yet another factor that developers consider while choosing a cross-platform framework. Ensuring that your code runs smoothly with less time and effort is the main objective of any development.
Hence, the majority of frameworks offer the functionality of testing. With the help of this testing functionality, developers conduct unit, integration, and UI tests on apps periodically.
Flutter offers better testing of apps than React Native. It provides top-notch support to developers to conduct automatic testing of apps as it relies on Dart. It possesses various features to test apps at the unit, widget, and integration level.
React Native doesn’t offer any support for unit and integration level testing. Moreover, there are only some specific tools for unit-level testing of React Native apps. Hence, developers have to utilize various third-party tools available in the market, such as Appium, Detox, and Jest, for conducting different kinds of testing.
Flutter also offers detailed documentation on testing. Besides this, it also provides a unique feature using which developers can create widget tests to test the user interface and leverage unit testing.
Flutter vs React Native: What to Choose?
After looking at the difference between React Native and Flutter, you must have understood that both are well-known for developing mobile apps.
So, you might be confused about choosing the best from them. Hence, we will answer what to choose for your next project.
|Choose Flutter If||Choose React Native If|
|Your project has a tight budget and deadline.||You want to upgrade your current apps with cross-platform modules.|
|You want to launch the app on multiple platforms using the same codebase.||Your goal is to develop a lightweight native app.|
|Your idea doesn’t fully rely on native functionality.||You are looking for a chance to create incredible APIs.|
|Your primary purpose is to develop high-performance applications.||Your purpose is to develop an application with an asynchronous build and a highly responsive UI.|
|You require a tailor-made UI with widgets and less testing.||You have enough time and money for the particular project.|
In the end, it doesn’t matter whether you choose Flutter or React Native. The main thing you should consider is that the app is user-friendly, intuitive, and scalable. We have developed many apps for clients worldwide in Flutter and React Native. You can reach out to us & we will help you choose the best one according to your requirements.
Here we conclude the detailed comparison on Flutter vs. React Native 2021. Our core purpose is to help all appreneurs decide the most suitable framework for their next mobile app development project.
Considering the facts and figures, both Flutter and React Native have their own advantages and disadvantages. Both are highly robust, effective, and performant frameworks. Also, both the cross-platform frameworks are popular and trusted widely by businesses and developers worldwide. However, in some cases, React Native is ahead of Flutter, while in others, Flutter is good.
You should choose a cross-platform framework based on the budget, timeline, features, and future goals of the project. If you cannot choose the best between Flutter vs. React Native, don’t hesitate to contact us.
Guru Technolabs provides cross-platform development services and has helped businesses and brands worldwide choose the most reliable technology for building mobile apps. Hence, we can understand your project requirements and offer a suitable solution.
Frequently Asked Questions
Here are some of the frequently asked questions related to Flutter and React Native.
Q: Is Flutter better than React Native?
Q: Will Flutter replace React Native?
Q: Should I learn Flutter or React Native in 2021?
Q: Is Flutter going to die?
Flutter is not going to die anytime soon. The reason is, Flutter is heavily backed up by Google and has a massive community of developers worldwide.