Types of Web Applications

Even though the usage of smartphones has increased a lot compared to the web, the online web experience plays a vital role in every business.

Over the years, we have observed a significant increase in the standards and needs for online web experience with the introduction of new web app technologies.

Moreover, various people often mix up a web app with a website. But, web apps are more robust, scalable, and reliable as compared to a website.

A web app is a program or software stored on a server and accessed from any browser. In short, it’s a website that performs a specific number of functions for users.

A straightforward example of a Web Application is Google Sheet. It can be accessed from any web browser and contains the same features as Microsoft Excel.

If you are confused about the type of web apps available in the industry, then you have reached the right place. Here, in this blog, we will provide you with types of web applications.

In general, web applications are divided into two main groups: Static and Dynamic.

But, It is not the end. Dynamic Web Apps are further divided into other subtypes.

Let’s have a look at them in detail:

1. Static Web Apps

Static web apps consist of restricted content and have no flexibility. Here, these apps are considered the pages generated by the server with very little or no interactivity.

In general, there is no personalization in these apps, and changes occur on the page after it’s completely loaded.

Types of web applications

In short, static web apps appear to the clients the same as they are stored on the server. No content changes are made in the application server before the page is sent to a web browser.

Languages used to create static web applications include HTML, CSS, JavaScript, etc. Even though one can integrate animated objects, GIFs, videos, and more in static web apps; however, it is hard to make updates.

Professional Portfolios, Digital Resumes, landing pages for marketing, etc., are the best examples of static web applications.

Pros of Static Web Application

  • Easy to host
  • Quick to build
  • Development cost is low
  • Easy to index in the search engines
  • Very fast to transfer on a slow internet connection.

2. Dynamic Web Apps

It is one of the best web application types as they fetch data in real-time based on the users’ requests. They have enhanced technical complexity as compared to static web apps.

Dynamic Web Apps

Let’s understand how a dynamic web app works.

Whenever a web server gets a request for a specific page, the page request reaches the software known as an application server.

Databases are located at the server-side; hence the user gets updated content.

The application server understands the code, fetches the page from the database & sends the answer to the web server, which in turn sends it back to the web browser.

In short, this type of web app requires a database to store data, and its content is continuously updated anytime for users to access them. It is possible to achieve this by using a content management system like WordPress, which has a built-in administration panel.

Using CMS, admin users can change or update the information. Moreover, they can integrate new features and functionalities.

Various types of languages can be utilized for developing dynamic web apps, such as Node.js, Ruby on Rails, jQuery, HTML, CSS, PHP, Perl, Python, etc. If you need any help choosing the right technology stack for your web application, then contact us. Our team will help you without any cost.

Out of various languages, developers prefer to use Angular, React, and JavaScript for front-end development. Further, developers prefer to use Node.js and Laravel for backend development.

Lastly, editing or updating the content in dynamic web applications is simple. But, modification in the backend or coding can be challenging based on server and other aspects.

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Dynamic web apps are further divided into various other subtypes as given below:

Single-Page Applications

Single-page apps enable users to interact with the web page without any hindrance. Here, requests and responses take place efficiently due to small amounts of data.

Briefly, SPAs are way quicker as compared to traditional web applications as they perform logic on the web browser instead of the server.

Single-Page Applications

Moreover, you can update any single-page app as per the requirements in the future. Yet, due to universal URLs, they are not competent as per the latest SEO rules.

Single Page Application Advantages Popular Single Page Apps
  • Battery reusability
  • Easy debugging
  • Less complex implementation
  • Better caching
  • User-friendly
1. Gmail

2. Google Maps

3. AirBNB

4. Netflix

5. Pinterest

6. Paypal

Multi-Page Applications

Multi-page apps function similarly to traditional web applications. Here, the app reloads and displays a new page from the server in the browser anytime users perform a new action.

In these types of web applications, logic is stored at the backend; hence requests from the clients go back to the server & are reverted.

Process of generating pages on the server, sending them to the client, and presenting them on the browser harms the user interface.

It is possible to resolve this by utilizing AJAX technology, which makes sudden changes without a complete page reload. If MPAs are designed considering responsiveness, they can blend well with the mobile environment.

Multi-Page Applications

MPAs can be built using different languages such as HTML, CSS, JavaScript, AJAX, jQuery, etc. Web portals, Online Stores, Catalogs, Marketplaces, Enterprise Web Applications, etc., fall under the multi-page applications.

Pros of Multi-Page Applications Popular Multi-Page Applications
  • More SEO-friendly
  • Unlimited scalability
  • Add unlimited pages in your existing app
1. Amazon

2. Forbes

3. CNN

4. eBay

Guru Technolabs provides enterprise application development services to businesses to eliminate routine operations, enhance user experience, and take their business to the next level at a cost-effective price.

Portal Web Apps

It is one of its types of web apps in which various sections or categories are accessible on the home page. Here, this page consists of various details such as chats, emails, forums, user registration, etc.

Portal Web Apps

Portals are best suited for businesses and enterprises that want to create customized interfaces according to their target audience’s requirements.

Here, all the registered users can only access the portal. Whenever a user signs in, the service provider can check the user’s activity.

According to the access allocated, specific features might be limited to particular users.

Government Portals, Student Portals, Education University Portals, Patient Portals, etc., fall under the portal web apps.

Pros of Portal Web Apps Examples of Portal Web Apps
  • Provides enhanced interaction
  • Better integration
  • Omnichannel presence
  • Better customer retention
1. Domino’s Pizza

2. Stanford University

3. Allianz

Different programming languages such as Node.js, Angular.js, Laravel, ASP.net, etc. are useful to create a web portal.

Angular
Laravel
Node.JS

Animated Web Applications

Animated web applications are closely connected with FLASH technology. By creating these types of web apps, you can represent content by using various animated effects.

Here, UI/UX designers have the freedom to become highly creative and integrate things that are not possible in different types of web-based applications.

Animated Web Applications

The best practice is only to include animations that gain the user’s attention & deliver valuable information. Also, this allows you to improve the user experience.

The major drawback of creating animated web applications is that they are improper for web positioning and SEO as search engines can’t fetch data from them.

HTML5, CSS3, JS, SVG, etc. are useful to create animated web applications.

Rich Internet Apps

Rich Internet Applications are mainly applications that have several functionalities of desktop applications. RIAs are introduced to resolve browser restrictions, and they depend on client-side plugins such as Flash, Shockwave, and Silverlight.

As these applications are built using these tools, they run efficiently and are very engaging. Moreover, they provide an eye-catching user experience and high interactivity as compared to traditional browser applications.

The two main problems with the RIA’s are vulnerability and inconveniences they formed. For instance, suppose the plugin is outdated, then several parts of the app or the entire app will not work accurately.

With time, the use of these plugins is abandoned after the release of HTML5. Hence, RIAs are not limited to initial form but are now transformed into different types of web applications.

RIA can be built using different tools such as Adobe Flash, Adobe Flex, JavaFX, etc. Google Docs and Google Maps are the two best examples of Rich Internet apps.

Benefits of Rich Internet Apps Examples of Rich Internet Apps
  • Improved data visualization
  • Integration across various systems
  • Control item synchronization
  • Quick mobile access to information
1. Adobe Flash

2. Google Gears

3. Microsoft Silverlight

JavaScript Powered Web Apps

After the availability of leading front-end frameworks, such as Angular.js, React.js, Vue.js, Node.js, the web-app logic has begun to move towards the client-side, providing higher adaptability as compared to the AJAX.

Currently, client-wide logic can perform server-side tasks such as handling user requests and giving the responses, etc.

Web Applications built using the above JS frameworks offer enhanced performance, various levels of user interaction and are usually SEO optimized. Client-Portals, Business-Centric Web Applications, etc., fall under the JavaScript-powered web apps.

Pros of JavaScript Powered Web Apps Examples of JavaScript Powered Web Apps
  • Highly-Interactive
  • Fast & Responsive
  • Offline support
  • Quick integration
1. Yahoo

2. Uber

3. Linkedin

4. Netflix

5. Mozilla

Progressive web Apps

PWAs are websites that look similar to mobile applications. Users can access the complete information and all the features of the web app using mobile browsers.

Various experts say PWA is a modified version of SPA. Even though it’s not valid based on the theory; however, the point is authentic in real life.

Progressive web Apps

The primary purpose of PWAs is not to apply new rules in architecture but enhance the speed and mobile adaptability of web apps. Here, improvements are made in caching, data transfer, and home screen installation.

Moreover, PWAs enable you to enhance the mobile web experience and provide your services to users despite slow/bad internet connections. Starbucks, Forbes, OLX, MakeMyTrip, etc., are some of the best examples of PWA.

Benefits of Progressive Web Apps Examples of Progressive Web Apps
  • Independent of app stores
  • Offline support
  • Enhanced performance
  • No Installation & updates Required
  • Access platform specific features
1. Pinterest

2. Twitter Lite

3. Spotify

4. MakeMyTrip

If you want to know more benefits, examples, tools, and the cost of creating progressive web apps, check out this guide on PWA development.

eCommerce Web Apps

This type of web application can be considered as an online store, same as eCommerce Apps or eCommerce Sites.

Developing such web apps becomes complex as one has to handle transactions and integrate different payment methods such as PayPal, Debit/Credit Card, etc.

Several primary features of an eCommerce web app include adding new products, removing old products, handling payments, user-friendly interface, etc. To look after all these tasks, admin requires an effective management panel.

To develop a feature-rich, reliable, and scalable eCommerce web app, you should hire dedicated developers. These developers have developed numerous eCommerce web apps; hence, they are familiar with all the ins and outs of the eCommerce industry.

Also, they are well-versed with the latest eCommerce trends; hence they can provide you with a fully functional eCommerce web app.

Pros of eCommerce Web Apps Examples of eCommerce Web Apps
  • Enhanced brand recognition
  • Boost conversation
  • Increased engagement
  • Cost-Effective
  • Smaller size than mobile apps
1. Jumia

2. Lancôme

3. Pure Formulas

4. Flipkart

Things to Consider Before Developing Web Applications

Here are some of the essential things that you should consider before building a web application:

  • Requirement Analysis: It is crucial to know the user’s expectations about the web app you will develop. Robust analysis and a proper understanding of user’s goals play a vital role in making your web app successful.
  • Design & Usability: The design of your web application should be such that anyone can understand without any documentation. Ensure that your user interface is easy to use. It would be best if you used color schemes that improve the design and represent your brand. To know more, refer to this guide on web application design.
  • Choosing the Right Framework: The next step after web app design is development. You can use a web application framework for the same. The reason being, it speeds up the development process. A web application framework is a collection of libraries and classes used by developers to make a reliable and scalable web application. There are various web application frameworks available in the market. You should choose the best one according to your needs. Check out how to choose the right technology stack for web applications?
  • Database Design: A database is required to store the entire data of your web application. An optimal database design helps you fetch information easily, eliminate duplicate data, quickly execute queries, and enhance performance. You should ensure that normalization, indexes, tables, etc., is done effectively in the database. Lastly, the database is one of the crucial things in the web application tech stack.
  • Development Approach: Some of the well-known development approaches companies use right now include Agile, Scrum, Waterfall, Extreme Programming, and Lean. You need to decide the best development approach based on your project requirements, goals, timeline, and other factors
  • Security: With the advancement of technology, many security attacks happen to happen on web applications. It can be SQL injection, cross-site scripting, broken authentication, etc. Therefore, you need to constantly check various things in the web app’s framework and design. Here is the list of web app security threats and how to tackle them.

Conclusion

Different types of web-based applications are suitable for different types of businesses. There can’t be a single web app that suits every kind of business.

For instance, an eCommerce web app is suitable for a small or a big eCommerce company while a Portal web app is suitable for government, school, public or private organizations.

The selection of a type of web app for your business should be done based on your target audience’s needs and your future goals.

If you are not able to decide which web application is suitable for your business, you can contact us. We are a professional web application development company having years of experience in developing awesome web apps.

Moreover, If you are thinking about developing a web application but unable to decide the budget, reach out to us and we will give you a free quote.

Ravi Makhija
Ravi Makhija

An entrepreneur, an IT professional. Tech geek. Founder & CEO at Guru Technolabs - Globally Trusted Web & Mobile App Development Company. Loves writing about new technologies and the latest trends in IT field.

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