Types of Web Applications
Even though the usage of smartphones has increased a lot as compared to the web, online web experience plays a vital role in every business.
Over the years, there is a significant increase in the standards and needs for online web experience with the introduction of new web app technologies.
Moreover, various people often mix up a web app with a website. But, web apps are more robust, scalable, and reliable as compared to a website.
A web app is an application program stored on a server & can be accessed from any browser. In short, it’s a website that performs a specific number of functions for users.
A straightforward example of a Web Application is Google Sheet. It can be accessed from any web browser and contains the same features as Microsoft Excel.
If you have a confusion about the type of web apps available in the industry, then you have reached the right place. Here, in this blog we will provide you with types of web applications.
In general, web applications are divided into two main groups: Static and Dynamic.
But, It is not the end. Let’s Dynamic Web Apps are further divided into other subtypes.
Let’s have a look at of them in detail:
1. Static Web Apps
Static web apps consist of restricted content and have no flexibility. Here, these apps are considered the pages generated by the server with very little or no interactivity.
Generally, there is no personalization in these apps and changes occur on the page after it’s completely loaded.
In short, static web apps appear to the clients the same as they are stored on the server. No content changes are made in the application server before the page is sent to a web browser.
Lastly, they are not feasible for mobile environments. Yet, they are suitable for an app that wants to convey precise information and interaction is not needed.
Examples of Static Web Apps: Professional Portfolios, Digital Resumes, landing page for marketing, etc.
2. Dynamic Web Apps
This is one of the best web application types as they fetch data in real-time based on the users’ request. They have enhanced technical complexity as compared to static web apps.
Let’s understand how a dynamic web app works.
Whenever a web server gets a request for a specific page, the page request reaches the software known as an application server.
Databases are located at the server-side; hence the user gets updated content.
The application server understands the code, fetches the page from the database & sends the answer to the web server, which in turn sends back to the web browser.
In short, this type of web app requires a database to store data and its content is continuously updated anytime users access them. This is possible using a content management system like WordPress, which has a built-in administration panel.
Using CMS, admin users can change or update the information. Moreover, they can integrate new features and functionalities.
Various types of languages can be utilized for developing dynamic web apps such as Node.js, Ruby on Rails, jQuery, HTML, CSS, PHP, Perl, Python, etc.
Node.js and Laravel are highly favored by developers for back-end development.
Lastly, editing or updating the content in dynamic web applications is simple. But, modification in the backend or coding can be challenging based on server and other aspects.
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Dynamic web apps are further divided into various other subtypes as given below:
Single-page apps enable users to interact with the web page without any hindrance. Here, requests and responses take place efficiently due to small amounts of data.
Briefly, SPAs are way quicker as compared to traditional web applications as they perform logic on the web browser instead of the server.
Usually, any single page apps can be updated as per the requirements in the future. Yet, due to universal URLs, they are not competent as per the latest SEO rules.
Examples of SPAs: Trello, Gmail, Google Maps, Twitter, etc.
Multi-page apps function similarly to the traditional web applications, in which the app reloads and displays a new page from the server in the browser anytime users perform a new action.
In these types of web applications, logic is stored at the backend; hence requests from the clients go back to the server & are reverted.
The process of generating pages on the server, sending it to the client, and presenting them on the browser harms user-interface.
This can be resolved by utilizing AJAX technology, which makes sudden changes without a complete page reload. If MPAs are designed considering the responsiveness, they can blend well with the mobile environment.
Examples of MPAs: Web Portals, Online Stores, Catalogs, Marketplaces, and Enterprise Web Applications, etc.
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Portal Web Apps
It is one of its types of web apps in which various sections or categories are accessible on the home page. Here, this page consists of various details such as chats, emails, forums, user registration, etc.
Portals are best suited for businesses and enterprises that want to create customized interfaces according to their target audience’s requirements.
Here, all the registered users can only access the portal. Whenever a user signs in, the service provider can check the user’s activity.
According to the access allocated, specific features might be limited to particular users.
Different programming languages such as Node.js, Angular.js, Laravel, ASP.net, etc. are useful to create a web portal.
Examples of Portal Web Apps: Government Portals, Student Portals, Education University Portals, Patient Portals, etc.
Animated Web Applications
Animated web applications are closely connected with FLASH technology. By creating these types of web apps, you can represent content by using various animated effects.
Here, UI/UX designers have the freedom to become highly-creative and integrate things that are not possible in different types of web-based applications.
The best practice is only to include animations that gain the user’s attention & deliver valuable information. This allows you to improve user experience.
The major drawback of creating animated web applications is that they are improper for web positioning and SEO as search engines can’t fetch data from them.
HTML5, CSS3, JS, SVG, etc. are useful to create animated web applications.
Rich Internet Apps
Rich Internet Applications are mainly applications that have several functionalities of desktop applications. RIAs are introduced to resolve browser restrictions, and they depend on client-side plugins such as Flash, Shockwave, and Silverlight.
As these applications are built using these tools, they run efficiently and are very engaging. Moreover, they provide eye-catching user-experience and high-interactivity as compared to the traditional browser applications.
The two main problems with the RIA’s are vulnerability and inconveniences they formed. For instance, suppose the plugin is outdated, then several parts of the app or the entire app will not work accurately.
With time, the use of these plugins is deserted after the release of HTML5 and thus, RIAs are not limited to initial form but now transformed into different types of web applications.
RIA can be built using different tools such as Adobe Flash, Adobe Flex, JavaFX, etc.
Examples of RIAs: Google Docs and Google Maps.
After the availability of leading front-end frameworks, such as Angular.js, React.js, Vue.js, Node.js, etc. the web-app logic has begun to move towards the client-side, providing higher adaptability as compared to the AJAX.
Currently, client-wide logic can perform server-side tasks such as handling user requests and giving the responses, etc.
Web Applications built using the above JS frameworks offer enhanced performance, various levels of user interaction, and are usually SEO optimized.
Progressive web Apps
Progressive web apps are websites that look similar to a mobile application. Users can access the entire information and all the features of the web app using any of the mobile browsers.
Various experts say PWA is a modified version of SPA, and even though it’s not valid based on the theory, while the point is authentic in real life.
The main purpose is that PWAs don’t apply new rules in architecture but enhance the speed and mobile adaptability of web apps. Here, improvements are made in caching, data transfer, and home screen installation.
Moreover, PWAs enable you to enhance the mobile web experience and provide your services to users despite slow/bad internet connection.
Examples of PWAs: Starbucks, Forbes, OLX, MakeMyTrip, etc.
eCommerce Web Apps
This type of web application can be considered as an online store, same as eCommerce Apps or eCommerce Sites.
Developing such web apps becomes complex as one has to handle transactions and integrate different payment methods such as PayPal, Debit/Credit Card, etc.
Several primary features of an eCommerce web app include adding new products, removing old products, handling payments, user-friendly interface, etc. To look after all these tasks, admin requires an effective management panel.
Read Also: Checklist before building an eCommerce app
To develop a feature-rich, reliable, and scalable eCommerce web app, you should hire dedicated developers. These developers have developed numerous eCommerce web apps , hence they are familiar with all the ins and outs of the eCommerce industry.
Also, they are well-versed with the latest eCommerce trends; hence they can provide you with a fully-functional eCommerce web app.
Examples of eCommerce Web Apps: Alibaba, AliExpress, Flipkart, etc.
Things to Consider While Developing Web Applications
- A web app is not a mobile app, although they appear ideal.
- Same as websites, you need to implement cookie regulations and improve app security against any hacks or threats.
- You have to consider SEO in web apps because they can also be ranked like websites in leading search engines, i.e., Google, Bing, etc.
- The main aim is to build web applications similar to mobile applications, along with less investment.
Different types of web-based applications are suitable for different types of businesses. There can’t be a single web app that suits every kind of business.
For instance, an eCommerce web app is suitable for a small or a big eCommerce company while a Portal web app is suitable for government, school, public or private organizations.
The selection of a type of web app for your business should be done based on your target audience’s needs and your future goals.
If you are not able to decide which web application is suitable for your business, you can contact us. We are a professional web application development company having years of experience in developing awesome web apps.
Moreover, If you are thinking about developing a web application but unable to decide the budget, reach out to us and we will offer a free quote.