How To Select Technology Stack In Web Application Development?

Published On: February 19, 2021
Last Updated: September 13, 2023
How To Select Technology Stack In Web Application Development?

Are you planning to develop a web application? If yes, one crucial step is choosing an appropriate tech stack for web application development.

The success of any web application depends on the selection of the right technology stack and the right development team. Why?

Because building a new web app is about good UI/UX and putting out a stable, secure, and maintainable web app. The right tech stack ensures that the product is of high quality and fulfills your customer’s needs.

It directly affects the web app’s quality, performance, and usability. So whether you are a startup or SME struggling to find the best tech stack for web development, we are here to help.

In this blog, we will decipher crucial things that you need to follow to choose the most suitable tech stack for your next web app.

Let’s get into it.

What is a Technology Stack for Web App Development?

A web application stack generally consists of programming languages, frameworks, databases, and tools.

The technology stack for a web application is divided into two main components: Frontend (client-side) and Backend (server-side) stack.

Even though different tools power both web components, they function together to make a web application. When you are building a web app, both frontend and backend development stacks are mandatory.

Components of Web App Development Technology Stack

Let’s discuss two of the main technical components of web app development in brief.

Frontend Web App Development Tech Stack

Frontend or client-side programming ensures that your web application is visible on any web browser. It involves all the things that a user sees and interacts with the web application.

For instance, an eCommerce store viewed in a web browser is the client-side of a web solution.

Now, let us quickly go through essential web technology stack components widely utilized by frontend developers.

HTML
It informs the browser how to showcase the content on a web page. It is the primary building block of any web application.

CSS
It stands for cascading style sheet and offers style to change the look & format of the HTML components in a browser. It helps to set fonts, colors, size, etc., on a web page.

JavaScript
It is a programming language to make web pages dynamic and interactive. In short, it enables you to integrate simple to complex web animations and interactive elements that offer a better user experience.

Frontend UI Frameworks
React, Angular and Vue.js frameworks streamline frontend development by providing pre-built components and tools for building complex UIs.

CSS Preprocessors
Extend the capabilities of CSS by using extension languages like SCSS, Saas, and Less to make styling more efficient and maintainable.

Apart from these components, you can utilize frontend frameworks for building a client-side of your web app. It helps you create beautiful interfaces and provide an uninterrupted user-experience.

Backend Web App Development Tech Stack

As the name suggests, the backend tech stack consists of things not visible to the users. It works behind the door and powers the frontend to carry out their task.

The backend helps you define the logic of a web application and establish communication between all of its components. The technology stack consists of components that respond to user requests efficiently.

When you want to develop the backend it consist of various web development stacks components that includes:

Programming Languages
Various programming languages like Python, Ruby, Node.js, PHP, and Java are used to boost server-side operations, processing requests and generating responses.

Backend Frameworks
Different frameworks speed up the backend development by providing structured libraries, tools, and patterns. It includes Django, Ruby on Rails, Express.js, and Laravel.

Despite these frameworks, developers face many errors while building a web app. To enhance development & reduce errors, developers can use some of the best web development IDEs.

Database
Currently, the majority of web applications ask for the primary contact details of all the users. Therefore, a database is necessary for a web app tech stack to store and manage data used by the application.

There are primarily two types of databases widely used in web app development. These include relational and non-relational databases. Different databases offer different data structures and querying capabilities.

Here is the list of databases for web app development:

Database

Caching System
A caching system decreases the server lag and frees the database from heavy network traffic by offering commonly accessed data.

A web application cannot offer better performance without a caching system. As of now, the two leading caching systems in the market are Redis and Memcached.

Web Server
A web server receives, processes, and acts upon all the requests obtained from the user through an HTML message.

Hence, it indicates that the server is needed to host the web application. Apache and Nginx are two of the popular open-source servers for web apps.

Storage
Stores files, images, and other media on the backend. Common uses are AWS S3 and Firebase Storage.

Hosting
To be accessible to users, web applications require a reliable hosting environment. Choose whether traditional, cloud hosting, or dedicated servers based on your requirements.

Operating System
The OS is the primary thing installed on the server before anything else. Common choices include Linux and Windows.

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Factors to Consider While Choosing a Web App Tech Stack

Here are some essential aspects to consider while choosing a technology stack.

1. Project Size & Complexity

First & foremost, you should define the project size & complexity as it will directly impact the choice of the tech stack.

Here, if you have a clear idea about what type of web application you want to develop, you can choose the right web app tech stack that assists you in the further stage of development.

Depending on the size and complexity, web applications are divided into three categories:

Simple: Landing pages with less interactivity, MVPs, and simple online stores (which offer limited services) fall under this category. You can create these types of web apps with out-of-the-box solutions such as CMS software.

However, if you want to provide better security, usability, and experience, you can combine both front-end and backend technologies and create an appropriate tech stack.

Medium: Web apps with more features as compared to simple apps fall under this category. For example, big eCommerce stores and enterprises. You can develop these web apps with a combination of programming languages and various technologies for APIs.

Complex: Web apps with custom features, third-party integrations, and built-in analytics fall under this category. For instance, social networks, global marketplaces, HR software, etc. You can develop complex web apps using multiple development technologies, programming languages, and custom solutions.

2. Time to Market (TTM)

Time to market is one of the essential factors you consider while selecting the right technology stack for web app development.

Here, the choice of a technology stack should be based on the disposal time you have for your web application.

If you have less time, then you have to choose a tech stack that offers code reusability. This thing significantly reduces the development time, which further leads to less development cost. In a nutshell, the TTM of a web application relies on the choice of your technology stack.

3. Web App Development & Maintenance Cost

To convert your web app idea into reality, you will require a specific amount of investment.

Here, you should note that the selection of your tech stack will hugely impact the overall web app development cost. Here, you need to consider two things:

Developer Salaries
Developers are talented professionals whose salaries rely on the technologies they choose to work. Hence, your investment will depend on the web application stack. It would be best if you kept in mind that the more advanced the technology, the greater the salary of the developer.

Web App Maintenance Cost
Besides building a web application, you need to maintain it regularly to ensure that it works smoothly. In general, the cost of maintaining a web app is around10% of the overall web app development cost.

4. Security

Cyberattacks and data breaches are the most common threats in the digital world.

Every year, various companies lose millions of dollars due to these attacks. Hence, the government is putting all efforts into providing next-level cybersecurity.

Despite this, it is not feasible to get complete security & protection from these attacks.

Therefore, you should give utmost importance to web application security. For the same, you should choose technologies that offer better security. If your web app stores a massive amount of customer data, you should analyze the security of all languages used in the tech stack.

In order to cope up with this, you need first to choose the best technologies for your web application. Secondly, you need to ensure that the developers you have hired work based on the security guidelines of a specific language. It ensures that there are no vulnerabilities in the entire code.

5. Scalability

Scalability is another important aspect you should consider in the tech stack if you plan to scale up your app as per the demand of users in the future.

In other words, scalability is the capacity of a web app to handle massive traffic. Here, you need to check two types of scalability:

Horizontal Scalability: It is the ability of a web application to integrate a new web server alongside the current one.

Vertical Scalability: It is the ability of a web application to integrate more resources (RAM, CPU, etc.) in the current web server.

It would be best to choose a technology stack by keeping in mind the scalability of your web app.

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Things to Avoid While Choosing a Web App Technology Stack

Here are some of the most common things you should avoid in choosing a web application stack.

1. Competitor’s Tech Stack

Looking at the competitor’s stack is not a good strategy when choosing the web app tech stack. Why?

The reason is, your goals are different from competitors. Moreover, how can you be sure that the competitor’s tech stack will be applicable for your web app project?

If you choose to go with a competitor’s tech stack, then there is a strong possibility that you will modify it to meet your goals.

2. Previous Projects

Even if the majority of your web development projects became successful in the past by using a web technology stack, it doesn’t matter now. Why? There are two main reasons.

Firstly, the web technology stack components you have utilized earlier might not be trending now.

Secondly, every web app development project has different requirements & goals, and that’s why the web app technology stack you used in all of your previous projects might not be relevant to your upcoming project.

3. Personal Preferences

It is a human tendency to depend on personal preferences while selecting a web app technology stack. However, here is the catch: this method does wonder only for people with a robust background in web app development.

4. Online Research

Another thing that you should avoid is online research. Why? The internet consists of many resources that suggest going for a specific web technology stack.

On the flip side, various resources suggest you not choose the particular tech stack. What source should you trust?

Selecting a technology stack is a mere practical experience. Hence, you can choose the most suitable technologies if you have worked on them.

If you have limited knowledge, the possibility of selecting the right technology is minimum.

Therefore, one better strategy is to consult a professional web development company. They have worked on various technologies and have enough experience; hence, they can help you choose the best tech stack as per your needs.

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Best Technology Stacks for Web Application

The selection of a tech stack relies on the web application development project. However, there are several popular web technology stacks that you can utilize for your web application. Let us look at them:

MEAN

MEAN is one of the best technology stacks for web development. It is suitable for full-stack web development as it is a combination of MongoDB (database), Express.js (backend application framework), Angular (frontend framework), and Node.js (runtime environment).

MEAN STACK

The stack is heavily dependent on JavaScript. Hence, anyone familiar with JavaScript can utilize this stack effectively. Moreover, several well-known companies worldwide leverage this stack for building scalable, cost-effective, and robust web applications.

MERN

MERN is almost similar to the MEAN stack. Here, Angular.js in MEAN gets replaced with React, and the rest remains the same. The modern web technology stack is suitable for full-stack development. It utilizes ReactJS for frontend and NodeJs for backend development.

MERN STACK

React is one of the well-known frameworks that offer flexibility and follow a performance-oriented approach. It further utilizes JavaScript XML and Virtual DOM; which makes it possible to update changes in real-time. Lastly, this tech stack is best for building robust single-page applications.

LAMP

LAMP is one of the oldest yet highly popular web application stacks. It consists of the Linux operating system, the HTTP server Apache, MySQL database, and PHP/Perl/Python as a programming language. The technology stack is open-source.

LAMP STACK

It is not necessary to use the Linux operating system. The tech stack is compatible with various other operating systems, such as Windows, Mac, Solaris, etc. Hence, developers can install LAMP on these operating systems. It offers more flexibility and performance. Therefore, it is the preferred choice of many developers for building web apps.

Python+Django

The web technology stack brings all the advantages of Python language and Django framework for building web applications. Besides this, the framework comprises Apache web server and MySQL database.

Developers can utilize features of this stack to enhance the development process and create scalable web applications. Moreover, it is suitable to build an MVP.

Ruby on Rails Tech Stack

Ruby-on-Rails is a modern web stack. It is basically an integrated development environment based on a dynamic programming language known as Ruby. The primary purpose of the tech stack is to enhance development.

The web app stack comprises many tools, libraries, software packages that speed up the development process. The technology stack enables developers to utilize the standard structure for web pages and database management. Also, it offers developers with comprehensive error-logs to create faultless web apps.

ROR is compatible with HTML, CSS, and JavaScript and is suitable to build highly interactive user interfaces.

Conclusion

Here, we conclude our guide on the web app tech stack. From this, it’s clear that choosing the best technology stack for web applications is one of the most challenging tasks.

For this, you need a thorough understanding of all the tools & technologies used in it and consider all the pros and cons of choosing a tech stack.

If you need help in choosing the technology stack in web application development, contact us.

At GuruTechnoLabs, a leading web application development company, we have worked in web development for years. Hence, we know what works in the industry. Thus, we will help you choose the correct combination of the web technology stack for your project.

Ravi Makhija
Ravi Makhija

Ravi Makhija is an entrepreneur, an IT professional, tech geek, founder & CEO at Guru TechnoLabs - Globally Trusted Web & Mobile App Development Company. He loves writing about new technologies and the latest trends in the IT field.