Best Frontend Frameworks of 2021
It gives you a lot of room for experimentation, but sometimes it is hard to know which library or frontend framework you should choose. The framework you select will significantly impact the overall development of the project.
Therefore, you need to carefully decide the frontend framework before starting your project.
To simplify your task, we have carried out thorough research and listed the best frontend frameworks based on these factors like popularity, features, ease of integrating libraries (with other Libraries), availability of learning resources, etc.
Moreover, we have also listed the pros and cons of frontend frameworks, when to pick a framework, and when to avoid using it. It helps you to distinguish the most popular frontend frameworks and select the suitable ones for your project.
Let’s get a little bit technical now.
11 Best Frontend Frameworks to Use in 2021
Here, we have summarized the most popular frontend frameworks which you can consider for your next project.
Jordan Walke, one of the Facebook software engineers, created a React prototype while facing issues in working on a Facebook network update.
The main feature of ReactJS is virtual DOM, which improves the complete user experience.
|Pros of React||Cons of React|
► React works well with isolated components; hence you can utilize the components anytime you want.
► Virtual DOM ensures quick rendering.
► One-direction data flow provides stable code.
► It has a vast community of developers across the globe.
► Requires more libraries to develop complex apps and websites.
► Developers find it challenging to understand JSX.
► It works only on the user interface layer.
► Poor documentation.
When to use React?
If you want to develop user-interfaces for single-page web apps and mobile apps then you can go with ReactJS.
However, if you want to build highly complex applications, you can utilize popular libraries, such as Redux and React Router.
Lastly, if you want to develop static and dynamic websites and web applications, you can also utilize Next.js, a popular open-source React frontend framework.
When not to use React?
2. Angular – The Modern Web Developer’s Platform
Angular is one of the best web frontend frameworks whose source language is TypeScript. It is mainly a modified version of AngularJS and developed by Google.
It is a component-based framework and offers 2 way data-binding. Due to this feature, there is an instant synchronization between model and view components, which means any change in the model gets reflected in view and inversely.
Angular utilizes a hierarchical dependency injection system with the help of declarations, constructor functions, and providers.
It also utilizes flux architecture, where change detection is possible via unidirectional data flow, thus enhancing the speed of developing apps.
|Pros of Angular||Cons of Angular|
► Due to its lazy loading feature, applications run faster.
► Independent components are quicker to replace, handle, and scale-up.
► Due to independent and self-sufficient components, it is reusable and test-friendly.
► Angular requires TypeScript, which ensures expressive code, improved navigation, and better-quality product.
► It possesses a massive community of developers globally.
► Suitable for rapid prototyping.
► The main disadvantage of Angular is that it has very few SEO options and limited accessibility to the search engine crawlers.
► Due to its complex structure and size, various dynamic apps do not perform as per the expectations.
► It has a steep learning curve; hence developers find it challenging to learn many concepts.
When to use Angular?
If you are planning to build progressive web apps, enterprise-based apps, and dynamic web apps, then go with Angular.
Here, we recommend you develop a progressive web app because it offers various benefits. Moreover, some of the leading organizations worldwide have built progressive web apps to improve their business and provide an enhanced user experience. To know more, check out these PWA examples.
When not to use Angular?
Angular is not suitable to create an app with defined features and functionalities. Moreover, if you possess a small team, Angular is hard to manage due to its complexity.
We have walked you through the top two frontend frameworks. If you want to choose the best between Angular and React, click on the below button and get the details.
Vuejs is the third-most popular frontend framework among the developer community worldwide.
The framework’s main idea is inspired by Angularjs and Reactjs. Currently, it is also better than both frameworks in many ways.
Evan You has developed Vuejs, who has earlier taken part in the development of Angularjs. Its first version was made public in February 2014.
As compared with other frontend frameworks, Vuejs is designed to be highly flexible.
The primary library is based on the view layer only and is quick to choose and incorporate in different libraries and already running projects.
It comes with a lot of features that can be essential for you. Vuejs is very lightweight.
Developers can utilize various components to build fully-functional single-page applications. Moreover, developers can leverage Vuejs for code reusability.
|Pros of Vuejs||Cons of Vuejs|
► It is easy-to-learn.
► It offers detailed documentation.
► It doesn’t require any extra libraries; however, it has its browser dev tools extensions.
► The developer community is increasing every year.
► It provides simple integration with other libraries or existing projects.
► It has a simple syntax.
► It has a small market share compared to react.js and Angularjs.
► Language barrier because most of the users belong to the Non-English communities.
► Highly flexible can be complicated in the long run.
When to use Vuejs?
If you want to develop dynamic user interfaces for web and mobile applications, choose Vuejs for the same. Moreover, It enables you to design all the things from scratch and is suitable for building massive projects.
When not to use Vuejs?
If you want better community support for any queries, then Vuejs is not a suitable option. Moreover, all kinds of apps that need durable components aren’t recommended for developing with Vuejs as it has issues with the stability of components.
4. jQuery – Earliest Frontend Frameworks
“WRITE LESS, DO MORE”
It eases the task of HTML DOM tree traversal and manipulation. Also, it provides efficient event handling, animation, and AJAX for faster web development.
It gives freedom to developers to build plugins on top of the JS library.
Despite it’s not suitable to develop full-fledged mobile apps using jQuery, the latest development in jQuery Mobile has made various things possible.
Now, developers can utilize HTML-based UI systems to efficiently develop responsive websites and mobile apps that can run on smartphones, tablets, and desktops.
|Pros of jQuery||Cons of jQuery|
► It is suitable to create animations efficiently.
► It automatically handles a lot of cross-browser problems with ease.
► It provides in-depth online API documentation.
► Provide fast solutions to various issues
► It offers excellent technical support.
► The learning curve might be challenging for several developers.
► Various APIs in DOM are outdated.
► There is not a fix for frequent updates.
► It is slower than other CSS in the market.
When to use jQuery?
You can use It to create highly-responsive and fully-functional desktop-based sites with the help of AJAX technology. It assists you in keeping the code concise and also makes the entire process easier. It is useful to control various events and even create multiple animations and effects.
When not to use jQuery?
5. Emberjs – A Framework For Ambitious Web Developers
It is also referred to as a client-side framework that is used for building web applications. It was made by Yehuda Katz and released back in 2011.
It is especially known for offering better productivity to the developers. For instance, consider Ember CLI; it offers a standard application architecture and a build pipeline.
Moreover, CLI also offers pluggable architecture and 3500+ add-ons to improve the application.
Emberjs allows developers to comprehensively test all of their apps to ensure that things are working as required.
Apart from this, It comes with a glimmer rendering engine, one of the top-class rendering engines in the market; hence, developers can build high-performing apps.
|Pros of Emberjs||Cons of Emberjs|
► It provides two-way data-binding.
► It is lightweight.
► Ember CLI tool is best suited for faster prototyping and handling dependencies.
► It is great for building highly complex applications.
► It comes with the Inspector development tool for Firefox and Chrome browsers.
► It comes with extensive documentation.
► It is hard to learn.
► It doesn’t consist of stable components.
► It doesn’t have a big community for developers.
► It has a complex system architecture with slower updates.
When to use Emberjs?
If you want to develop feature-rich mobile applications for Android and iOS platforms, you can do it using EmberJS because of its technical frontend facilitation. The framework consists of an extensive frontend solution for massive-scale projects due to its ready configuration, data binding, and tailor-made properties for rendering the page.
When not to use Emberjs?
It is not a suitable choice among the small development team as the frameworks require enough experience for resolving various complex issues. Moreover, for writing AJAX functions and creating a simple user interface, you shouldn’t go with Emberjs.
6. BackboneJS – Easiest Frontend Framework
It has a soft dependency and hard dependency on jQuery and Underscore.js respectively. To utilize the full library, you have to consider jQuery and Underscore.js.
BackboneJS provides different types of building blocks, including models, events, views, collections, and routers for merging the client-side web applications.
|Pros of BackboneJS||Cons of BackboneJS|
► It is the best option for building small-scale applications.
► When compared with other frameworks, it provides more control over performance.
► It allows you to store data in models rather than DOM.
► It doesn’t offer data binding, and it is not suitable for building large-scale applications.
► Unit testing is difficult in Backbone.js.
► A small community of developers.
When to use BackboneJS?
You can use it to build client-side web applications and mobile applications in an adequately structured and organized format. Moreover, it promises to provide an efficient design with less code.
BackboneJS communicates through events; hence it promises that you don’t interfere in the application. Apart from this, your code will be clear, concise, and simple to maintain.
When not to use BackboneJS?
It has limited functionalities of developing a web application as compared with various MVC client-side frameworks.
Here, you can expand the functionalities by utilizing numerous plugins and extensions. Therefore, if you are a development team that wants all the solutions in one place, don’t prefer BackboneJS.
7. Semantic UI – User Interface Is The Language Of The Web
Jack Lukic built Semantic UI, and its initial version was released in 2014. This frontend framework is almost the same as Bootstrap designed for theming. It is backed up by LESS and jQuery. It has a built-in Semantic component that allows building attractive and responsive layouts utilizing HTML.
Moreover, it easily incorporates React, Angular, Ember, and various other frontend frameworks to manage the UI layer besides app logic.
Even though Semantic UI is fresh in the development space, this frontend framework’s popularity is more compared to others in the industry.
Lastly, developers can get started with this frontend framework due to its simplified process and ability to integrate with a wide range of third-party libraries.
|Pros of Semantic UI||Cons of Semantic UI|
► User-friendly framework.
► A vast variety of themes are available.
► Framework possesses rich UI components.
► A tiny developer community.
► Less browser compatibility.
When to use Semantic UI?
If you want a compact design with a lightweight structure, then you should go with Semantic UI.
When not to use Semantic UI?
8. Svelte – Latest Frontend Framework
This frontend framework follows a revolutionary method of developing user interfaces. ReactJS and VueJs carry out most of their tasks in the browser, whereas Svelte transfers that work into a compile step while you are developing an app.
It writes code to modify the DOM as soon as the state of any application is updated.
|Pros of Svelte||Cons of Svelte|
► It offers a great learning curve.
► It offers excellent performance.
► Utilizes existing JS libraries.
► Tiny community.
► Confusion remembering the names of the variable and syntax.
► Lacks support for First-Class TypeScript.
► Lack of support for tools.
When to use Svelte?
It is preferable to use Svelte for a smaller team of developers. It is highly useful if a developer wants to understand reactive frameworks and get around with DOM manipulation.
When not to use Svelte?
It is advisable not to use Svelte for a massive project because it doesn’t have enormous support for tools and community.
9. Preact – Fast 3kb Alternative To React With The Same Es6 API
Preact offers the lean Virtual DOM abstraction layer on the top of the DOM. It develops stable platform features, registers real event handlers, and works well with other libraries.
Moreover, Preact works efficiently on the majority of browsers without any need for transpilation steps.
It claims to have the fastest Virtual DOM libraries due to its easy and anticipated contrast implementation.
In various cases where the complete potential of React isn’t necessary, the majority of developers move ahead with React to initiate their development and later switch to Preact for production.
|Pros of Preact||Cons of Preact|
► It is smaller compared to various other libraries and frameworks available in the market.
► It is highly efficient than React in terms of memory usage; this means less work needs to be done by a garbage collector.
► It consists of a vast number of features.
► Enhance performance during app creation.
► Lack of a big community; hence, its popularity is low.
► Preact does not support React prototypes.
► No build tools are needed for a simple app – you can just go through the browser.
► One can use Preact with any of the current React projects.
When to use Preact?
It is mainly a lightweight version of the React; hence, anytime you want to work with a lightweight framework, you should choose to go with Preact.
When not to use Preact?
It doesn’t offer support for stateless functional components; hence, whenever you have a demand for such a thing, you shouldn’t go with Preact.
10. Foundation – Most Advanced Responsive Frontend Framework
The curb created the Foundation in 2011. It is one of the most advanced responsive frontend frameworks in the world that is suitable for building elegant responsive websites, apps, and emails that work efficiently on any device.
It also offers you a responsive grid, HTML, CSS UI components, templates, and code snippets.
Foundation is semantic, which means it offers a clutter-free, standard-compliant, and uses only tags & structures desired to achieve a specific purpose.
Foundation offers a GPU acceleration for quick animations, smooth mobile rendering features, and data-interchange elements for loading lightweight sections properly on mobile and robust sections for massive devices.
Lastly, it offers extensive customization, which means you can change columns, colors, font size, etc.
|Pros of Foundation||Cons of Foundation|
► Adjustable grids, columns, and widgets.
► Customize UX as the website loads different devices/ screen sizes.
► Website navigation can be achieved effectively.
► Provides HTML 5 validation library.
► Steep learning curve.
► Lack of support from QA sites and forums.
► Don’t have support for troubleshooting issues.
Where to use Foundation?
If you want to style the CSS components or require a mobile-friendly frontend framework, then Foundation is the most suitable option.
Where not to use Foundation?
It is not recommended to beginners as they need to change a lot of coding, and customization is somewhat complex to handle.
11. Bootstrap – Most Popular Frontend Framework
The framework is updated from time to time and offers beautiful features. For instance, it integrated themes that fulfill Google’s material design guidelines as soon as they are published and later upgraded to utilize Sass as a CSS preprocessor.
|Pros of Bootstrap||Cons of Bootstrap|
► Comprehensive documentation and better community support.
► It offers a wide range of professional templates, WordPress themes, and plugins.
► Highly responsive structure and styles.
► Developer has to invest more time and carry out extensive customization, or else your site will look like other websites.
► Styles are wordy and it causes unwanted HTML output.
When to use Bootstrap?
Bootstrap is suitable to use for making all kinds of websites and web apps.
When not to use Bootstrap?
There is not a single website or web app in which you can’t use Bootstrap.
The popularity of frontend frameworks is going to increase and more developers are looking forward to utilizing the best frameworks available in the market.
Out of various frontend frameworks, React, Angular, and Vuejs have gained a lot of popularity. Moreover, all these frameworks are backed up by a massive community of developers worldwide.
If you are looking for professional web app development services for your project, then you can hire frontend developers from Guru TechnoLabs