React Native Database: Which is the Best Database for the React Native App Development?
React Native has gained a lot of popularity over the last few years. Various startups, businesses, and developers consider React Native as the primary choice for developing mobile apps. The reason is, React Native is suitable to build apps for multiple platforms too quickly and cost-effectively.
Moreover, various leading companies worldwide have made mobile apps using React Native.
They have chosen React Native to reach a wider audience, provide a better user experience, and increase sales.
According to Statista, 42% of developers choose React Native over other cross-platform frameworks for building mobile apps.
The enhancing demand for React Native app development has encouraged developers to create high-performing and scalable apps. Therefore, it has become hard for developers to choose the right technology stack. It includes selecting a proper database for React Native app.
Here, we have curated several best React Native app databases based on essential aspects.
We will look at all the databases in detail.
Firebase is one of the leading databases that is used by developers worldwide. It is backed up by Google and loved by startups & global enterprises.
It is a NoSQL cloud-hosted database that syncs and stores data in real-time. Moreover, data is available offline for modification.
Key Advantages of Firebase
Here are several major advantages of using Firebase with React Native:
Quick Setup: One of the primary benefits of React Native and Firebase is that Developers can integrate new functionalities into the app with just a few clicks. Moreover, developers don’t have to make an effort in learning anything and add functionality like authentication efficiently.
Offline Persistence: Firebase gives developers the ability to change the data in the local disk and make it available offline.
Cloud Messaging: It is the best solution for developers to integrate push notifications and messages for free. Using this database, the developers have multiple message-sharing options.
Multi-platform authentication: The database allows developers to verify phone numbers, emails, and passwords. Besides this, it enables developers to verify federal identity numbers.
Better Security: The database enables you to check who has read/write access to your database, the method in which data is structured, and what kind of indexes exist.
It offers various tools to enhance the security of the database. With the help of these tools, you can authenticate users, restrict permissions, and validate inputs.
Besides this, the Firebase database ensures that your app data remains safe on the client-side using the SSL.
Performance of React Native App with Firebase
By integrating performance monitoring SDK in your app, you can measure the performance of your application.
Moreover, it offers custom code traces and custom metrics to track the particular factors of your app’s performance.
In general, the Firebase database is effective for scalable apps where you want to transfer various users simultaneously without worrying about the data leak.
Moreover, data serving and synchronization in Firebase enable you to send files simultaneously.
Firebase Database Pricing
The firebase database consists of two pricing plans as follows:
Spark Plan: It is a general plan that is free of cost. It offers 1GB of data storage.
Blaze Plan: It is a paid plan. It works as per the pay-as-you-go model. It has 1GB of data storage for $0.18.
To know more, you can check the pricing of these databases.
SQLite is a relational database management system contained in the C-language library. It is one of the most used database engines across the globe.
The database is built to offer the best React Native local storage. Moreover, it is not a client-server database and is instead embedded into the end-program.
Advantages of SQLite
Here are some of the advantages of SQLite database for React Native:
Lightweight: The lite in SQLite stands for light in size. Developers can easily integrate the database into different devices, such as mobile phones, televisions, cameras, etc.
ACID Compliant: SQLite follows all the SQL standards, and it is ACID compliant. Here, ACID includes Atomic, Consistent, Isolated, and Durable. Hence, it can handle various transactions in case of a program crash, power failure, or more.
Low App Cost and Complexity: Here, the content can be accessed and modified via proper SQL queries.
When you are using the SQLite database, you can read or write operations in it efficiently. Moreover, it is faster than the file system.
Your React Native app works well because the database loads only necessary data rather than reading the entire file or keeping it in the memory.
SQLite database is open-source and available free of cost for all organizations. But, if you want an official license for your organization with copyright infringement, it will cost $6,000.
Realm is mainly an Open Source object-oriented database system launched firstly for mobile operating systems like Android or iOS. Further, it was released for cross-platform frameworks like Xamarin, React Native, and more.
Moreover, it is a fully functional and lightweight database built for mobile. It utilizes memory, disk space, and battery life very well.
The database is an excellent replacement for CoreData and SQLite databases.
MongoDB acquired the Realm Database in 2019 for 39 million USD.
Benefits of Realm
Here are some of the most crucial benefits of using the Realm database for React Native:
Offline first functionality: Realm database holds data on the local disk; hence, the app works fine offline and online.
Developer-friendly: Developers can instantly get started with the database. Moreover, they don’t require ORM (Object Relational Mapping) or the support of SQLite. As a result, they can learn and achieve their desired output with less code.
Secure Threading: Developers can access the same data from multiple threads without any crashes.
Documentation: The database offers comprehensive documentation. Hence, you can instantly find solutions to their queries.
Reactive architecture: You only have to integrate your UI with the Realm database. Further, it will appear automatically.
Enhanced Security: Realm database allows you to encrypt data-in-transit and at rest. Hence, all of your data remains secure. Here, the database carries out the process of transparent encryption and decryption.
Here are some reasons due to which, React Native app offers fantastic performance using Realm:
Resolve Queries: By using lazy-loading and zero-copy architecture, the Realm database can instantly resolve complex queries.
Data Sync: With the help of the MongoDB Realm service, you can keep your data in synchronization in various users, devices, and backend simultaneously.
Lastly, the Realm database is most suitable when you want to develop massive size apps.
The Realm is entirely open-source and available for free. It also has a pro version which costs you $1750 per month. Moreover, it offers a commercial version for free.
However, if you want to use the Realm database for building React Native apps, you have to pay $1750 per month.
The database allows developers to build apps that run offline and online. Here, when the application is stored locally, it uses WebSQL and IndexedDB in the browser.
As soon as the app comes online, it syncs data using CouchDB and compatible servers. Moreover, the database syncs data every time a user logs in.
The developers can utilize PouchDB to create, read, update, and delete functions. Moreover, PouchDB is compatible with various other databases like CouchDB, MongoDB, MySQL, and PostgreSQL.
Key Benefits of PouchDB
Here are some of the benefits of PouchDB for React Native:
Quick to Learn: Developers who have basic programming knowledge can instantly learn about PouchDB.
Instant query execution: As the PouchDB database is present inside the browser, you do not have to perform queries again & again. Hence, all these queries get resolved quickly.
Data replication: The database disconnects the local storage from the server-side; however, both the copies are updated simultaneously.
The database is entirely free, and all the development-related updates are available on Github.
It is yet another popular React Native database for building cross-platform apps.
The database is specially created to develop complex applications. Moreover, the primary purpose of the database is to offer best-in-class performance.
The main benefit of this database is that it doesn’t load all things quickly due to the lazy loading feature. Moreover, all the queries you perform are handled by the SQLite database on a separate native thread, and hence, they get resolved quickly.
Benefits of WatermelonDB
Here are several benefits of using WatermelonDB with React Native:
- Developers can scale from hundreds to thousands of records. Also, they can leverage the React database.
- The database allows static typing with Flow or TypeScript.
- Modify the data when offline, and it gets synchronized as soon as it is online.
Vasern is yet another well-known open-source and efficient data storage for React Native apps. Developers can utilize Vasern for instantly setting up a database for React Native apps. Hieu Nguyen released this framework.
He created the Vasern with the ultimate purpose of offering Simple APIs that allow developers to speed up the development process without looking after the setup and optimization of the database.
Vasern database allows local and cloud data storage. Thus, you can easily sync it with app clients.
Benefits of Vasern
Here we will look at some of the main benefits of the Vasern database with React Native:
- The database is built with minimum dependencies. Hence, the size of the database is too small.
- It is an open-source database and allows developers to contribute anytime.
- The database supports languages that use UTF-8 encoding.
Here we will have a quick overview of local databases for React Native apps:
|Type of Database||NoSQL||RDBMS||Object-Centric||NoSQL||Reactive||Open-source|
|Speed & Performance||Pretty Slow||High||High||Medium||High||High|
|Concurrency||Real-time data synchronization||ACID Compliant||MVCC||P2P replication||–||–|
|Deployment||Quick||Faster than any other database||Fast||Slow||Quick||–|
|Price||Free & Paid Plans||Free but requires fees for licensing||Free & Paid Plans||Free||Free||Free|
You can compare & choose the best local database for your React Native app. Apart from that, you will also require server-side databases for your app. Here are several server-side databases that you can consider for your app.
Server Side Database for React Native App Development
Here we will look after some of the best server-side databases for the React Native app:
MySQL is an open-source relational database management system (RDBMS) based on SQL.
It is developed & distributed by the Oracle corporation. You can utilize this database to deploy React Native apps.
Advantages of MySQL Database
Here are several MySQL database advantages for React Native:
Simple to use: If you are familiar with relational databases and the basics of SQL, then you can instantly start with MySQL.
Scalability: The database offers exceptional scalability to easily manage various mobile apps with a large amount of data. Moreover, flexibility is the primary feature of the MySQL database, and it enables full customization to eCommerce businesses having unique server requirements.
24*7 Uptime: MySQL includes certainty of 24*7 uptime and provides various effective solutions like specialized cluster services and master/slave replication configurations.
Extensive transactional support: It is one of the powerful transactional database engines available in the industry. It works as per the ACID principle and offers top-notch integrity.
Open-source solution: You can resolve any of your fears and worries with the help of MySQL’s continuous support and enterprise compensation. Moreover, the database ensures proper maintenance, debugging, and quick upgrades.
Security: The database provides solid data security for safe connections, authentication services, compact authorization and controls, and data encryption. It is highly beneficial for eCommerce apps that have to handle a million transactions.
MySQL consists of a reliable & unique storage engine framework that enables system administrators to configure MySQL database servers for better performance. So whether you want to develop an eCommerce app with million transactions or any other app, MySQL can instantly fulfill your needs.
MongoDB is an open-source document-oriented database program. It is referred to as a NoSQL database program as it utilizes JSON-like documents with dynamic schemes.
The database offers enhanced scalability and flexibility suitable while querying and indexing into the database. In short, it provides proper ways to access and analyze the data.
The database doesn’t use tables and rows as in the relational databases but rather collections and documents.
Advantages of MongoDB
Some of the MongoDB advantages for React Native:
Sharding: MongoDB can handle massive amounts of datasets using sharding. The database follows a process of sharding to divide data across multiple servers connected to an app. Hence, even if a server fails, the process doesn’t stop.
Better Availability: It possesses features like replication and gridFS that are responsible for enhancing data availability. Hence, it is quick to access documents with the help of indexing.
Ad-hoc Query Support: It provides an extensive feature for ad-hoc queries. Hence, the app can easily handle upcoming queries that will occur in the future.
Complete Technical Support: MongoDB provides technical support to the clients. If you integrate MongoDB in your app and face any issue, you can contact the team.
Enhanced Speed: It allows you to access the documents when you index them. Also, it offers a better query response. MongoDB speed is 100x quicker than relational databases.
Better Performance Levels: It stores maximum data in the RAM and can handle all the queries quickly. From this, we can say MongoDB performance is excellent in React Native apps.
Security in MongoDB
MongoDB offers a wide range of features for maintaining the security of the database. It includes authentication, access control, and encryption to secure various things in the database.
The database utilizes SCRAM or x.509 authentication mechanism and role-based access control to stop unauthorized access of data on the server-side.
Moreover, MongoDB leverages Kerberos and LDAP authentication to secure consumer data.
Amazon DynamoDB is a reliable, cost-effective, and fully functional NoSQL database service built especially for internet-scale apps.
It enables you to make database tables that can store and retrieve unlimited data.
Benefits of Amazon DynamoDB
Here are some of the advantages of Amazon DynamoDB for React Native:
Availability & Durability: The Amazon DynamoDB allows you to carry out data replication over various regions. It creates a backup copy of the DynamoDB table so that you can access it from different geographical locations. Moreover, the database serves the content despite serious failures.
Adaptable: The database enables you to create dynamic tables, meaning you can include unlimited attributes along with multi-valued attributes.
Time to Live: It is the method of setting timestamps for erasing expired data from the tables. When the timestamps expire, the data expires, and then it is deleted. Thus, it helps developers to keep a record of the data. This process ultimately decreases storage and costs.
Handle schemas efficiently: When the data objects are added through inconsistent data schemes, the database can handle them easily. As a NoSQL data model, the database can manage less structured data than the relational model.
Excellent Security: It provides Fine-Grained Access Control (FGAC) for an administrator to manage and protect data in a table well. The admin can permit each person and what action they can take.
Amazon DynamoDB Performance
The database provides regular and instant responses anytime. All the mobile apps are developed considering unlimited traffic capacity and storage. The feature of in-app memory also decreases the response time.
Here we will have a quick overview of server-side databases for React Native apps:
|Type of Database||SQL||NoSQL||NoSQL|
|Speed & Performance||Offers better performance in every kind of app||Indexing for better query performance||Fast-to-manage global tables, multi-field indexes|
|Scalability||Horizontal||On-demand||Automatic & on-demand|
|Security||Password-based encryption and multi-layered architecture||Encryption, Complex access rules, network isolation||Server-side encryption.|
|Concurrency||Multi-table ACID transactions. Multi-thread read/write & join operations||ACID-compliant. Needs monitoring||Multi-region replication system. ACID-compliant|
|Price||Free||3 Plans: Free, $57 and $97||$1.25/0.25 per million of write/read transactions|
Here we complete our list of the best local & server-side databases for the React Native app development. The database selection should be dependent on the project type and the overall requirements.
Hence, we recommend you first enlist all the details of your project’s current and future needs. By doing this, you can select a suitable database and utilize it well for app development.
If you are still confused about choosing the best database for React Native app, don’t hesitate to contact our experts.
GuruTechnoLabs offers React Native app development services to businesses worldwide. Moreover, we have delivered a vast number of mobile apps. Hence, we can understand your business needs well and suggest you the most suitable React Native database.
Frequently Asked Questions
Q: What database does React Native use?
React Native framework is compatible with a vast number of databases. The framework uses the database based on the requirements of the project. For instance, React Native uses MongoDB to create complex apps. However, React Native uses the Firebase database for building real-time applications.
Q: Which DB is best for React Native?
Here are some of the best local databases for React Native apps:
Q: Can we use MySQL With React Native?
Definitely, we can utilize MySQL with React Native apps. Moreover, it is one of the best databases that you should consider for building great mobile apps.
Q: Does React Native need a backend?
Backend is essential for hosting. Besides this, it is for validating the login details and storing any information of the users. Other than this, it is needed for testing applications.